Effect of a physiotherapy rehabilitation program on knee osteoarthritis in patients with different pain intensities

A. A. Abdel-Aziem, E. S. Soliman, D. M. Mosaad, A. H. Draz
Journal of physical therapy science 30(2):307-312, 2018

Purpose: To examine the effect of physiotherapy rehabilitation program on moderate knee osteoarthritis in patients with different pain intensities.
Subjects and Methods: Sixty subjects (37 men and 23 women) with moderate knee osteoarthritis participated in the current study. Randomization software was used to select the participating subjects' numbers from the clinic records. They were classified into three groups according to pain intensity: mild, moderate, and severe pain groups. All groups underwent a standard set of pulsed electromagnetic field, ultrasound, stretching exercises, and strengthening exercises. Pain intensity, knee range of motion, knee function, and isometric quadriceps strength were evaluated using the visual analogue scale, universal goniometer, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index, and Jamar hydraulic dynamometer, respectively. The evaluation was performed before and after a 4-week rehabilitation program.
Results: All groups showed significant differences in pain intensity, knee range of motion, isometric quadriceps strength, and knee function. The score change in moderate pain group was significantly greater than those in mild and severe pain groups.
Conclusion: Pain intensity is one of the prominent factors that are responsible for the improvement of knee osteoarthritis. Consequently, pain intensity should be considered during rehabilitation of knee osteoarthritis.