Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains
The application of ice for 20-30 minutes at a time, 3-4 times a day and the immediate immobilization of the joint are two measures that should always be adopted when dealing with sprains. The doctor may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines in order to ease pain.
In presence of minor muscolar sprains (first degree), it is generally enough to apply a wrapping, while if the sprain is a second degree one, 20-30 days of immobilization are recommended in order to allow the damaged articular capsule and joints to heal. In these cases a plaster is usually applied. If dealing with third-degree sprains, surgical repair may be necessary for a complete healing.
The functional recovery can be supported by physiotherapy: a recent study conducted on football players who underwent a second-degree sprain at their ankle, has proved that laser therapy together with immobilization, ice, compression and elevation can reach a better reduction of the edema after 24, 48 and 72 hours since the trauma.