Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains

Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains | Self-healing

If experiencing a minor trauma or while waiting for a medical consultancy in case of more severe traumas, it is strongly recommended to follow  5 simple rules:

Protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation.



Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains

Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains | Prevention

Here are some rules that can help reducing the risk of sprain.

First of all, it is recommended to always train in the adequate way.

If easily subjected to the risk of sprains, it may be useful to use braces during the recovery phase and also when the physical activity is started again after a past injury.

It is even more useful to reinforce the muscles located around the joint: this allows to increase the stability and consequently to reduce the risk of future sprains.

 



Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains

Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains | Therapy

The application of ice for 20-30 minutes at a time, 3-4 times a day and the immediate immobilization of the joint are two measures that should always be adopted when dealing with sprains. The doctor may also prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines in order to ease pain.



Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains

Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains | Diagnosis

Unless we are speaking of a common wrench, it is highly recommended to call a doctor, especially because an inadequate treatment of a second or third degree sprain may lead to a long term damage or to a chronic joint pain.

In any case it is necessary to look immediately for qualified help when verifying the impossibility of loading the damaged joint because of pain or instability.



Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains

Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains | Causes

Sprains are a quite frequent pathology and are generally the direct consequence of a trauma that provokes an hypertension or a wrench of a joint, in example what happens to a knee when we fall down while skiing and a foot gets stuck while the body twists pivoting on the knee.



Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains

Ligament injuries - muscolar sprains - Sprains | Symptoms

Sprains occur when an indirect trauma makes the joint execute an exaggerate movement compared to its normal mobility with consequent overstrain of the joints and possible lesion of the articular structures, joints and articular capsule.

In particular knee joint, ankle, elbow, fingers and spine are the ones at higher risk of sprains.

First degree sprain, or wrench, is a minor stretch of the ligaments or capsule; minimum damage and minor tears of some fibrous fasciculus may occur.



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